Compared to previous years, has the number of opioid deaths since the COVID pandemic increased or decreased?
Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, a dramatic increase in the number of opioid overdose deaths has been reported. According to a recent report put out by the American Medical Association, opioid overdose deaths have increased in more than 35 states since the pandemic began. This surge is believed to be multifactorial, and due to isolation, economic issues, disruptions to the drug trade and other factors.
Did the abuse of non-opioid substances in combination with non-prescription fentanyl increase or decrease during the first 2 months of the COVID pandemic shutdown compared to earlier in 2020 and in 2019?
Abuse of non-opioid substances in combination with non-prescription fentanyl increased dramatically during the first two months of the COVID pandemic. For example, the use of non-prescription fentanyl: with amphetamines increased by 89% (P<0.01) , with benzodiazepines increased by 48% (P<0.01) , with cocaine increased by 34% (P<0.01)
Did abuse of non-prescription fentanyl increase or decrease during the first 2 months of the COVID pandemic shutdown compared to earlier in 2020 and in 2019?
According to an analysis of Quest Diagnostics data, non-prescription fentanyl abuse increased by 35% during the time period of March 15 to May 16, 2020 (P<0.01). Among males, the percentage of those positive for opioid use increased from 5.7% to 8.6%, while the rate for females increased from 3.2% to 3.7%. The positivity rate increased for all age groups. Of note, there was an increase from 10.2% to 13.4% for the 18 to 24 years old, age group.
What are some of the more common reasons dermatologists recommend cannabinoid-based medicines?
According to the results of a survey of 145 dermatologists, 91 % of dermatologists were in support of medical cannabis use and 13.8 % have recommended it for a dermatologic condition. Atopic dermatitis (45 %) and psoriasis (40 %) were the most common. The most common form of administration was topical (75 %). The main reasons for not recommending medical cannabis were limited knowledge (56 %) and lack of experience (48 %).
Has prescription opioid misuse increased or decreased among college-age adults over the past 5 years?
According to a 2019 NIH survey, “prescription opioid misuse continued to decline, with 1.5% of college students and 3.3% of those not attending college reporting non-medical use of opioids (narcotic drugs other than heroin) in the past year. This represents a significant five-year decline from rates of 4.8% and 7.7%, respectively, in 2014.”
Did the percentage of college-age adults (aged 19 to 22) who vaped nicotine increase or decrease between 2017 and 2019?
According to 2019 survey results from the NIH’s Monitoring the Future (MTF) study, “in 2017, 6.1% of college students and 7.9% of those not in college said they vaped nicotine in the past month, rising to 22% and 18%, respectively, in 2019. These increases in vaping nicotine are among the largest increases in use for any substance reported by the study in its 45-year history.”
Did the percentage of college-age adults (aged 19 to 22) who vaped marijuana increase or decrease between 2017 and 2019?
According to 2019 survey results from the NIH’s Monitoring the Future (MTF) study, “the percentage of college students who said they vaped marijuana in the past 30 days rose from 5.2% in 2017 to 14% in 2019. The corresponding percentages for their non-college-attending peers increased from 7.8% in 2017 to 17% in 2019.”